Control of the asymmetric growth of nanowire arrays with gradient profiles
Patiño Cárdenas, Juan
Encinas Oropesa, Armando
Ramírez Villegas, Rossana
De la Torre Medina, Joaquín
"A novel electrochemical methodology for the growth of arrays of Ni and Co nanowires (NWs) with linear and non-linear varying micro-height gradient profiles (?HGPs), has been developed. The growth mechanism of these microstructures consists of a three-dimensional growth originating from the allowed electrical contact between the electrolyte and the edges of the cathode at the bottom side of porous alumina membranes. It has been shown that the morphology of these microstructures strongly depends on electrodeposition parameters like the cation material and concentration and the reduction potential. At constant reduction potentials, linear Ni ?HGPs with trapezoid-like geometry are obtained, whereas deviations from this simple morphology are observed for Co ?HGPs. In this regime, the ?HGPs average inclination angle decreases for more negative reduction potential values, leading as a result to more laterally extended microstructures. Besides, more complex morphologies have been obtained by varying the reduction potential using a simple power function of time. Using this strategy allows us to accelerate or decelerate the reduction potential in order to change the ?HGPs morphology, so to obtain convex- or concave-like profiles. This methodology is a novel and reliable strategy to synthesize ?HGPs into porous alumina membranes with controlled and well-defined morphologies. Furthermore, the synthesized low dimensional asymmetrically loaded nanowired substrates with ?HGPs are interesting for their application in micro-antennas for localized electromagnetic radiation, magnetic stray field gradients in microfluidic systems, non-reciprocal microwave absorption, and super-capacitive devices for which a very large surface area and controlled morphology are key requirements."
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry