On the emergence of chaos in dynamical networks
Barajas Ramírez, Juan Gonzalo
Femat Flores, Alejandro Ricardo
"We investigate how changes of specific topological features result on transitions among different bounded behaviours in dynamical networks. In particular, we focus on networks with identical dynamical systems, synchronised to a common equilibrium point, then a transition into chaotic behaviour is observed as the number of nodes and the strength of their coupling changes. We analyse the network's transverse Lyapunov exponents (tLes) to derive conditions for the emergence of bounded complex behaviour on different basic network models. We find that, for networks with a given number of nodes, chaotic behaviour emerges when the coupling strength is within a specific bounded interval; this interval is reduced as the number of nodes increases. Furthermore, the endpoints the emergence interval depend on the coupling structure of network. We also find that networks with homogeneous connectivity, such as regular lattices and small-world networks are more conducive to the emergence of chaos than networks with heterogeneous connectivity like scale-free and star-connected graphs. Our results are illustrated with numerical simulations of the chaotic benchmark Lorenz systems, and to underline their potential applicability to real-world systems, our results are used to establish conditions for the chaotic activation of a network of electrically coupled pancreatic β-cell models."
EditorTaylor & Francis