On-line estimation of VFA concentration in anaerobic digestion via methane outflow rate measurements
Lara Cisneros, Gerardo
Aguilar López, Ricardo
Femat Flores, Alejandro Ricardo
"This paper deals with the design of a robust nonlinear observer as a software sensor to achieve the on-line estimation of the concentration of Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA) in a class of continuous anaerobic digesters (AD). Taking into account the limited availability of on-line sensors for AD process, in this contribution is assumed that only the methane outflow rate is available for on-line measurement. The estimation method is based on a modified version for a two-dimensional mathematical model of AD process. From the differential algebraic observability approach it is shown that the VFA concentration is detectable from the methane outflow rate measurements. The observer convergence is analyzed by using Lyapunov stability techniques. Numerical simulations illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed estimation method for a four-dimensional AD model with uncertainties associated with unmodeled dynamics and disturbances in the inflow composition."
Knowledge areaINGENIERÍA Y TECNOLOGÍA
Uncertain reaction systems
CitationGerardo Lara-Cisneros, Ricardo Aguilar-López, Denis Dochain, Ricardo Femat, On-line estimation of VFA concentration in anaerobic digestion via methane outflow rate measurements, Computers & Chemical Engineering, Volume 94, 2016, Pages 250-256.
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