Pattern formation by two precipitated species during solvent evaporation
Lara Cisneros, Gerardo
Loredo Osti, Abigail
Femat Flores, Alejandro Ricardo
"We investigate the pattern formation produced by precipitated species during solvent evaporation through the numerical solution of a set of partial differential equations that account for the mechanisms of evaporation, diffusion, and precipitation. A pattern is formed because solvent evaporation provokes precipitation of species near the border of the system producing ringlike depositions from the edge to the center. Solvent evaporation is modeled as occurs with a liquid drop on a surface. The spacing between rings and its width are constant and roughly constant, respectively. Pattern formation follows the evaporation process inducing trends on pattern formation that are different to those produced by the precipitation of two species in a diffusive front (]Liesegang rings). The spatial structure of rings under solvent evaporation is similar to those observed during solvent evaporation on two oppositely charged colloids and is attributable to the competition between precipitation and evaporation processes."